Synonyms: Ardisia bicolor, Ardisia crenata var. bicolor, Ardisia crispa var. taquetii, Ardisia konishii, Ardisia kusukusensis, Ardisia labordei, Ardisia lentiginosa, Ardisia linangensis, Ardisia miaoliensis, Bladhia crenata, Bladhia crispa var. taquetii, Bladhia lentiginosa var. lanceolata
Other names: Coral Berry, Coralberry, Spiceberry
: Ardisia crenata is a species of flowering plant in the primrose family, Primulaceae, that is native to East Asia. It is known by a variety of names such as Christmas berry, Australian holly, coral ardisia, coral bush, coralberry, coralberry tree, hens-eyes, and spiceberry. Ardisia crenata is a compact shrub that reaches 1 metre (3.3 ft), often with a single stem. Leaves are dark green, thick, glossy, and have tightly waved edges The flowers are small, white or reddish, fragrant, and form clusters. The fruit is a glossy, bright red drupe. The seeds are able to germinate under a dense canopy and are dispersed by birds and humans.
This invasive species was introduced to the United States in the early twentieth century as an ornamental species. It was observed to have escaped cultivation in 1982.
Preparations made from the root of Ardisia crenata are used as an ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine.
Images: Forest Starr & Kim Starr, CC-BY Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0