Plants: Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' - weeping copper beach

Posted by 03.12. 2016 12:11:03 (1562 readers)

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' - weeping copper beach

Beech is a reliable and hardy tree of our climate. On the market today there are many wild forms and hybridized varieties as well as selections that can satisfy the taste of almost everyone. They can offer various colours of foliage, and sizes from dwarf to extra large. Just a note about its Latin name: the correct Latin spelling should be ‘silvatica’ rather than ‘sylvatica’ (‘silvatica’ = of the woods). However, spelling with “y” is so common that is considered accepted.

Black Swan is a miracle among weeping trees. This beech bears the deepest purple-black leaves I have ever seen on a tree. They are deciduous, broadly ovate, very glossy, and turn coppery orange in autumn. They hold its rich colour only in full sun. Leaves on shaded parts of the tree will quickly change to dark green foliage.

Black Swan beech grows surprisingly fast when young as if reaching for the stars. Only later the tops of horizontal branches become pendent and grow downwards while the trunk keeps pushing them upwards. Meanwhile, several lateral branches are borne along main stem and stronger branches, and they are mostly strictly weeping, helping the tree become bushier. Each plant is unique and deserves a good spot surrounded by soft green colour that will enhance its veils of purple-black foliage.

It can be clipped or pruned in late winter. Beech will grow in almost any soil type including chalky, put prefers loamy, moist-retentive ground. Just make sure the plant does not stand in water or boggy conditions. It can get used to riverside conditions but it has to make its new roots throughout partially flooded soil. For best results in leaf colour plant it in full sun. Fully hardy to about -34°C (USDA zone 4).

Size/type: medium-sized tree
Usual height: 4-8m
Usual width: 2-4m
Leaves: deciduous broadleaf
Colour of leaves: burgundy red
Flowers: insignificant or non-blooming
Location: full sun
Usda zone (lowest): 4 (down to -34°c)
Winter protection:
Belongs to categories: deciduous broadleaf
Milan Havlis, Specializované zahradnictví
155 00 Praha Stodůlky, Za Mototechnou 2673/-11, Czech Republic
www.havlis.cz
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